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Bickershaw Church of England Primary School

Welcome to

Bickershaw Church of England Primary School

Valuing the past, inspiring the present and ambitious for the future

Phonics and Reading

Phoneme – sound a letter or group of letters make
Grapheme – written form of a sound


Phonic Knowledge and Skills

Phase One (Nursery/Reception)

Children who have not yet achieved Phase One will access activities and interventions according to the aspect they are up to.

Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two (Reception) up to 6 weeks

Children will begin learning phoneme/grapheme (sound/spelling) correspondence in reception. They will learn 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Children will learn to blend sounds together to make words and to segment words into their separate sounds. Children should begin to read simple captions.

Phase Three (Reception) up to 12 weeks

Children will learn the remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Following this, graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. The children will continue to read captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four (Reception) 4 to 6 weeks

There are no new grapheme-phoneme correspondences taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump, train, bench. Also, the children will learn to read polysyllabic words such as chimpanzee.

Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know e.g. ‘ou’ in house and youth.

Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond) also known as Support for Spelling

The children will learn spelling rules such as adding suffixes and prefixes. The focus in this phase is learning to spell.


Reading Scheme

The children take reading books home from school from the book band they are currently working within. This is assessed on a regular basis. 

As they move through the book bands, the focus changes from learning the phoneme/grapheme correspondences to learning to read for information and pleasure. 

We have a large variety of reading schemes in school. Some of these are:

Project X



Oxford Reading Tree

Jelly and Bean

Floppy's Phonics